Railway Operators

Xi'an Rail

The Chinese national railway system is made up of a total of 18 government-owned railway bureaus and companies led by China Railway Corporation. These are:

  • Beijing Rail (Beijing Railway Bureau)
  • Chengdu Rail (Chengdu Railway Bureau)
  • Guangzhou Rail (Guangzhou Railway Group Co, Ltd)
  • Harbin Rail (Harbin Railway Bureau)
  • Hohhot Rail (Hohhot Railway Bureau)
  • Ji’nan Rail (Ji’nan Railway Bureau)
  • Kunming Rail (Kunming Railway Bureau)
  • Lanzhou Rail (Lanzhou Railway Bureau)
  • Nanchang Rail (Nanchang Railway Bureau)
  • Nanning Rail (Nanning Railway Bureau)
  • Qinghai-Tibet Rail (Qinghai-Tibet Railway Group Co, Ltd)
  • Shanghai Rail (Shanghai Railway Bureau)
  • Shenyang Rail (Shenyang Railway Bureau)
  • Taiyuan Rail (Taiyuan Railway Bureau)
  • Ürümqi Rail (Ürümqi Railway Bureau)
  • Wuhan Rail (Wuhan Railway Bureau)
  • Xi’an Rail (Xi’an Railway Bureau)
  • Zhengzhou Rail (Zhengzhou Railway Bureau)

Organisation

All railway bureaus generally include the following subordinate bodies:

  • Communications Division (通信段) — for train-to-station or enroute communications, rather than to connect with the general public
  • Freight Centres (货运中心)
  • HSR Divisions (动车段) — for train “hardware” only
  • Locomotive Depots (机务段) — for train “hardware” only, locomotives only
  • Material Provision General Divisions (物资供应总段)
  • Operations Divisions (车务段)
  • Passenger Division (客运段) — for all railway services
  • Power Division (电务段)
  • Power Supply Division (供电段) — to supply power
  • Railway Stations Directly Led by Bureau (局直属车站)
  • Real Estate Construction Division (房产建筑段)
  • Trackside Division (工务段) — to supply power
  • Vehicle Depots (车辆段) — for train “hardware” only, carriages only

Other Railway Bodies

The National Railway Bureau (国家铁路局; aka as the National Railway Administration) is the new governing authority charged with overseeing the railway system as a government body.

The entire railways system is part of the responsibility of the Chinese Transport Ministry (中华人民共和国交通运输部), which is a national-level ministry reporting directly to the Chinese State Council.

There are also dedicated enterprises and other bodies in charge of cargo / goods transport, as well as railway academies and planning bodies.