Tianjin Metro (天津地铁)

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The Tianjin Metro serves the city and municipality of Tianjin in northern China.

Jump to: Lines / History

Fares: Minimum fare ¥ 2.—; distance-based fares up to ¥ 11.— at present.
The metro system also accepts the Tianjin City Card and a limited number of Beijing & Tianjin “combo cards”, issued in limited numbers around the 2008 Beijing Olympics. (These special edition cards are no longer issued at present.) There are discounts of 10% off fares for users of the Tianjin City Card.

LINES

Current lines in service:

  • Line 1: Liuyuan – Shuanglin
  • Line 2: Caozhuang – Binhai International Airport
  • Line 3: Xiaodian – Tianjin South (Tianjinnan) Railway Station
  • Line 9: Binhai Mass Transit from Tianjin Railway Station to Donghai Road, Binhai

IN THE WORKS

Line 1 is expected to be extended further east to Xianshuigu North. Lines 4, 5, 6, and 10 are expected to be new additions to the network, with Line 4 of particular interest as it goes straight through central Tianjin. Unusually, Lines 5 and 6 will have four interchange stations where both will call, with three of them one after the other.

  • Line 1: Shuanglin – Xianshuigu North
  • Line 4: Beicang – Zhangguizhuang
  • Line 5: Beichen Tech Park North – Liqizhuang
  • Line 6: New Outer Ring East – Xianshuigu
  • Line 10: Xiqing – Dongli via central Tianjin

Lines 7 and 8, as well as a few “wider city area” lines, are also under projection.


HISTORY

The city of Tianjin had its first metro route built in 1970, although it contemplated such a system earlier. A 3.6 km (2 ¼ mile) initial stretch with four stations completed in February 1976; these were Xinhua Road, Yingkoudao, Anshandao, and Haiguangsi, now part of Line 1. The Tangshan Earthquake brought things to a momentary halt, but construction resumed with another 1.6 km (1 mile) of track added by 1980, adding Xi’nanjiao and Erwei Road stations to the line (also part of Line 1 today). Services began in late 1984 when a few more stations were opened over what would be the 7.4 km (just over 4 ½ mile) first section of Line 1, which went from Tianjin West Railway Station to Xinhua Road in the city centre.

Line 1 was built only two to three metres beneath street level, making use of an abandoned bed. By the late 1990s, the shortcomings of the existing system came into view: spartan station facilities, regular service delays, and poorly-maintained trains. The existing Line 1 was shut down in autumn 2001 for a full-scale renovation and extension, and re-opened 5 years later, when the new Line 1 re-entered service, having now being extended to the northwestern suburbs in Liuyuan, and southeastern suburban Tianjin at Shuanglin.

Binhai Mass Transit started building its own line during this time. Line 9, as it is now known, linked central Tianjin with the coastal Binhai New Area, and the first parts opened already in 2004. This line would not be linked to any part of the existing Tianjin Metro system until 2012.

The city’s second and third lines were also built during this time; unfortunately, delays would result due to accidents. Line 2 opened up rather awkwardly as a line split into two; the central part by the Hai River had an accident and would only open later in 2013. Line 3 opened up later on in 2012 and would finally connect all existing lines in the network.

Extensions were soon added to Line 3 to the Tianjin South (Tianjinnan) Railway Station by late 2013, and in mid-2014, Line 2 was extended to Tianjin Binhai International Airport. Lines 5 and 6 are still under construction, and will further complete the city and suburban metro network. Further extensions, including plans to extend Line 1, are underway.