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The Shenzhen Metro serves the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong province, southern China. It is just across the border from Hong Kong.
Fares: Minimum fare ¥ 2.—; distance-based fare system with current maximum fare of ¥ 11.—.
This system supports the Shenzhen Tong smartcard; rides with this smartcard are 5% cheaper.
Current lines in service:
- Line 1: AIrport East – Luohu
- Line 2: Chiwan – Xinxiu
- Line 3: Shuanglong – Yitian
- Line 4: Qinghu – Futian Checkpoint
- Line 5: Qianhaiwan – Huangbeiling
IN THE WORKS
The current works involve the second expansion of the system and is expected to be completed by 2019. A 254 km (159 mile) network is being built, comprising of Lines 1 through 11 (except Line 8). There are more distant lines to build lines all the way up to a Line 20.
Line 8 is presently delayed due to disputes whether or not it should use conventional rail or a city-speed maglev. This line departs central Shenzhen for the easternmost parts of Shenzhen, all the way to Xiaomeisha.
- Line 6: Shenzhen North (Shenzhenbei) Railway Station
- Line 7: Xili Lake – Da’an
- Line 9: Hongshuwan – Wenjin
- Line 10: Futian Checkpoint – Pinghu Centre
- Line 11: Futian – Bitou
When in the 1980s, Shennan Boulevard was built with a huge patch of green in the middle of the boulevard, it was there for a reason — a planned light rail was supposed to run there. By 1992, when its plans to build the light rail system was submitted to Beijing (and approved), it was in fact found that the light rail solution wasn’t ready for the masses of riders, and so an underground railway solution, which would carry more riders, was decided upon. This resulted in revised plans of a total of 6 metro lines and the modification of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen, Pingnan, and Pingyan Railways to accommodate for suburban rail services. However, this resulted in a slow reaction from Beijing, as the central authorities was hesitant, in the mid 1990s, to approve of any metro projects for cities other than the “big three” — Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou (Canton).
Unhappy with the ideas put on ice, the Shenzhen authorities redefined the project as a rail link to serve the ports with Hong Kong — one at Luohu / Lo Wu, the other at Huanggang / Lok Ma Chau. This was met with approval by the higher authorities, in May 1998, after the revised application was made in 1997. This resulted in works beginning in late 1998.
Late on 28 February 2004, Metro Line 1 opened — apparently a year behind schedule. Line 4 also opened on the same day, although the southernmost terminus, Huanggang, opened only as of 15 August 2007, as immigration procedures and connections were being finalised with Hong Kong.
The metro system used names instead of numbers from 23 April 2008 through to October 2013. This made it compatible with the Hong Kong system, but largely incompatible with the rest of the systems on mainland China.
Just before the Shenzhen Universiade in 2011, the network saw massive expansion. Within the period of a fortnight in the second half of 2011, Lines 1 and 4 were extended, and all-new Lines 2, 3, and 5 joined the network. This boosted mileage from 64 km (40 miles) to 177 km (110 miles), nearly tripling the total mileage.
The network is still being extended. Lines 7, 9, and 11 should open by 2016, with Lines 6 and 10 joining the network no later than three years afterwards. There are also extensions planned for Lines 2 through to 5, and of the new lines, Lines 6 and 9 will also see further extensions. Finally, a new line to southeastern Shenzhen, in the form of Line 8, is also on the drawing board, although how it will be realised — as a conventional rail line or in the form of a city-speed maglev — remains to be seen. The grand total in the very end calls for up to 20 lines over 700 km (437 ½ miles).