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The Shenyang Metro serves the city of Shenyang, capital of the province of Liaoning in northeastern China.
Fares: Minimum fare ¥ 2.—; distance-based fares up to ¥ 4.— at present.
The metro system also accepts the Sheng Jing Tong card.
Current lines in service:
- Line 1: Shisanhaojie (Thirteenth Street) – Liming Square (Liming Guangchang)
- Line 2: Aerospace University – Quanyun Road
IN THE WORKS
Lines 1 and 2 are expected to be expanded, and Lines 4, 9, and 10 will be added to the map.
- Line 1: Liming Square – Hemu Road – Dongling Park
- Line 2: Aerospace University – Fantasy Happy Valley and Quanyun Road – Xiantao Avenue – Shenyang Xiantao International Airport
- Line 4: Wendong Street – Hangtian (Aerospace) South Road
- Line 9: Nujiang Park – Construction University
- Line 10: Dingxiang (Lilac) Park – Sujiatun West
The ultimate goal calls for an 11-line network over 400 km (250 miles), with an interesting mix of north-south, west-east, L-shaped, and crescent-shaped lines.
Shenyang’s metro system was first conceived in 1940, when the city was under Japanese occupation, and their puppet state planned a 52 km (32 ½ mile) long network made out of four lines. Following the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, there was renewed interest in the project, this time to in essence double as an air-raid protection system. Works got underway in 1965 but was halted a year later due to Mao’s Cultural Revolution. Works resumed during the revolution, and also ended a short time after it restarted.
More concrete plans were revealed in 1974, when a line from Zhaojiagou via Shenyang’s east rail station through to Tiexi Square was planned. Just as engineers from other Chinese cities were learning from how Shenyang was building its own system, it ground to a halt again in 1982, this time due to a lack of funds and appropriate equipment. This time, the 3 km (nearly 2 mile) tunnel was in essence sealed.
When in the 1990s Shenyang rethought about its metro network, it only went as far as getting the plans approved in 1993 by the central authorities — without any real work taking place. Work could not take place afterwards as well, as in late 1995, the Chinese State Council in essence froze new metro projects.
Works on the Shenyang Metro resumed in 1998, but its late 1999 plans, submitted to Beijing, hit another snag, as in late 2002, the central authorities remained firm on its restrictive approach to putting many metro projects on ice. Shenyang officials had to convince Beijing in early 2005 to restart works, which was finally granted in November 2005. Almost immediately afterwards, work on all of Line 1 got underway, with a western extension to Line 1 beginning works next year. Also underway as of 2006 were Line 2 (with an extension further south starting works as of 2007).
The part of Line 1 from Shisanhaojie (Thirteenth Street) to Liming Square officially opened to the public on 08 October 2010, after having been opened in “public beta” mode with passengers travelling for free for about a week earlier. A similar mode of service inauguration followed for Line 2, which officially opened from Santaizi to Quanyun Road on 09 January 2012.
A northern extension to Line 2 is presently underway. Lines 9 and 10 will also be added to the map soon. Later in 2015, there will also be plans to extend Lines 1 and 2 (again), as well as add Line 4 to the network.