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The Nanjing Metro serves the city of Nanjing, capital of the province of Jiangsu, in eastern China.
Fares: Minimum fare ¥ 2.—; distance-based fare system.
Current lines in service:
- Line 1: Maigaoqiao – China Pharmaceutical University
- Line 2: Youfangqiao – Jingtai Road (Jingtianlu)
- Line 3: Linchang – Mozhou East Road
- Line 10: Andemen – Yushan Road
- Line S1: Nanjing South (Nanjingnan) Railway Station – Nanjing Lukou International Airport
- Line S8: Taishan Xincun – Jinniu Lake
IN THE WORKS
The current 225 km (141 mile) network, formed out of four city lines and two suburban lines, will be expanded to 380 km (238 miles) over five urban lines and four suburban lines by 2017.
- Line 4: Longjiang – Xianlin Lake
- Line S1: Yuxiang Road South – Gaochun
- Line S3: Nanjing South (Nanjingnan) Railway Station – Gaojiachong
- Line S7: Nanjing Lukou International Airport – Wuxiangshan
The idea of a metro for Nanjing was first proposed in 1984 by a member of Nanjing’s city congress. An organisation to this end was created in spring 1986, and by the end of the year, it created a three-line plan, which included a diagonal line. 1993 city plans included an extra city line and three suburban lines, as well as a suburban railway line. The network was further replenished with new additions in the 1999 plans.
The current Line 1 was already finalised from early onwards, which meant that construction began on a trial basis in 1992 at what is now Sanshan station. Works would not resume until 1999, after the central government put the plan on ice, in spite of approving the project in 1994. Trial construction resumed in May 2000, with the entire Line 1 resuming full construction by later that year. Due to Nanjing winning the rights to host the 10th Chinese National Games, Line 1 would be further extended to the Olympic Sports Centre. Trial runs started on 03 September 2005, with the full line officially opening a year later.
Modified plans in 2003 foresaw 9 city metro lines, along with 4 light rail lines. Lines 1 to 3 were kept as-is in line with the previous plans, with Lines 4–7 newly added, with Line 6 running a loop around the city. In May 2006, works on Line 2’s first phase, running from Youfangqiao through to Maqun, got underway, with trial construction having started six months earlier. The eastern extension to Jingtianlu (Jingtian Road) started works in late 2007. The entire Line 2 was opened up on 28 May 2010.
A southern extension to Line 1, passing via Nanjing South (Nanjingnan) Railway Station, began works officially on 01 March 2007. This extension took Line 1 further south to the China Pharmaceutical University. The southern extension opened on 28 May 2010, with Nanjing South station opening just to coincide with the launch of high speed services from Beijing South to Shanghai Hongqiao.
Line 10 took over what used to be Line 1 from Andemen through to the Olympic Centre. It also included its own part in its own right, all the way through to Yushan Road (Yushanlu), and opened up in full on 01 July 2014, on the same day Line S1 opened, which connected Nanjing South Railway Station with Nanjing Lukou International Airport. A month later, Line S8 opened, connecting Taishan Xincun with Jinniu Lake, with much of the line located north of the Yangtse. Finally, Line 3 opened on 01 April 2015, with the new line, from Linchang to Mozhou East Road, providing a welcome second city link via both Nanjing and Nanjing South stations. Nanjing winning the 2014 Youth Olympics bid has meant that works on Lines 4 and S3 went ahead much faster than planned.
By 2020, Nanjing will have Lines 1 through to 10, with the notable exception of Line 8. Also, Suburban Lines S1, S5, S6, and S8 will likely be built. Plans for beyond 2020 include Line 8, Lines 11–14, as well as Lines S2 and S4. By 2030, the city is planned to be served by a 17-line network over 655 km (409 miles) in length.