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The Harbin Metro serves the city of Harbin, capital of the province of Heilongjiang, in northeastern China.
Fares: Minimum fare ¥ 2.—; distance-based fares up to ¥ 4.—.
Stored-valued cards are available in addition to single journey tickets.
Current lines in service:
- Line 1: Harbin East (Harbindong) Railway Station (Hadongzhan) – Harbin South (Harbinnan) Railway Station (Ha’nanzhan)
IN THE WORKS
Line 1 is expected to be extended further south. Furthermore, Lines 2 and 3 are expected to be added into the network. The part of Line 3 from the Automobile Gear Factory (Qiche Chilunchang) to the Second Medical University Hospital (Yida Eryuan), which includes Harbin West (Harbinxi) Railway Station (Haxizhan), is expected to open to the public in mid-August 2015. All other lines should open by around 2020.
- Line 1: Harbin South (Harbinnan) Railway Station (Ha’nanzhan) – Xinjiang Avenue (Xinjiang Dajie)
- Line 2: Harbin North (Harbinbei) Railway Station (Habeizhan) – Meteorological Observatory (Qixiangtai)
- Line 3: Automobile Gear Factory (Qiche Chilunchang) – Second Medical University Hospital (Yida Eryuan) – Rest of Ring Line
Harbin’s first metro, of sorts, was already built in 1973 as part of an air defence project, and a part of this tunnel formed a component of Line 1. It was not very different to other deep-level tunnels built during that era in both Beijing and Tianjin. This forms part of the central portion of the metro line.
Construction of the present-day Harbin Metro network began in September 2008. This was an extremely challenging project as temperatures in the city alternate between -30°C during the deep winter, and almost +30°C in summer. Finalised plans were approved by the central government in September 2012, which included much of Line 1, as well as some of Line 2 and the Line 3 ring line, to create a “cross & ring” network.
Line 1 was officially opened to the public on 26 September 2013 from Harbin East to Harbin South stations, with the Museum station opening later, on 26 September 2014.
The ultimate plans call for a ten-line network with nine city lines and a ring line, forming a 340 km system. All stations in Harbin will be connected by the Metro system, with services first coming to Harbin East and South (both on Line 1), then Harbin West (on Line 3), and finally, Harbin North station and the city station (Harbin; both on Line 2).